Session Details: Session 1084

Internationalization of Research and Development (R&D)

Track G

Date: Wednesday, October 15, 2008

 

Time: 11:30 – 12:45

Paper

Room: Salon 23


Session Chair:
Aya Chacar, Florida International University

Title: Does Excellence in Academic Research Attract Foreign R&D?

Authors

  • Rene Belderbos, University of Leuven
  • Bart Leten, University of Leuven
  • Shinya Suzuki, Musashi University

Abstract: This paper examines the role of nations’ academic research strengths in attracting R&D by foreign multinational firms. We hypothesize that a firm’s probability to perform R&D in a host country is positively affected by host countries’ academic research strengths, after controlling for a broad set of other host country characteristics expected to attract or discourage inward R&D. We also posit that firms with a stronger science orientation in their R&D activities and an absorptive capacity to utilize scientific knowledge (as indicated by non-patent citations in firms’ patent portfolios), respond stronger to host country academic research strengths. We find support for these hypotheses in an analysis of foreign R&D activities, in 40 host countries and 30 technology fields, by 186 high R&D spending European, US and Japanese firms during 1995-2002.

Title: Shifts In The Innovation Landscapes In Emerging Economies And Implications For Global R&D Management

Authors

  • Jiatao Li, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
  • Rajiv Krishnan Kozhikode, Simon Fraser University

Abstract: The global innovation landscape has been witnessing important shifts over the past two decades. The emerging economies in Asia, which have traditionally served as low cost manufacturing bases for Western multinational corporations, have now started attracting substantial R&D investment from all over the world. The opportunities and potential threats for both MNCs and domestic players in this new innovation landscape are analyzed and discussed. While MNCs might appropriate rents from their existing capabilities and source new ones in emerging economies, they may be threatened by weak intellectual property rights regimes and knowledge spillovers to local firms creating potential competitors. Firms in the emerging economies can learn from and catch up with investing MNCs, but to do so they need to develop their own innovative capabilities and move from imitation to innovation.

Title: Strategies of Research and Development (R&D) Internationalisation

Authors

  • Claudia Fabian, University of St Gallen

Abstract: Research on Research and development (R&D) internationalisation has grown significantly over the past two decades. Nevertheless, some areas of this broad topic are still little explored. One of these areas are R&D internationalisation strategies. Despite the number of typologies of international R&D, a comprehensive categorisation of R&D internationalisation strategies is missing.
Furthermore, despite the fact that R&D internationalisation includes increasingly also emerging markets, academic research is still mainly focussed on Triad region countries. Therefore, this paper will start to approach both gaps by investigating the R&D internationalisation strategies of multinational companies to emerging markets. Based on the approaches of pharmaceutical multinational companies in India, four R&D internationalisation strategies are derived: Local Product Assistance Strategy, Local Focussed Strategy, Global Specialised Strategy, and Global Integrated Strategy.

Title: Technological Capabilities and the Decision to Outsource R&D Services

Authors

  • Andrea Martinez-Noya, University of Oviedo

Abstract: This paper is aimed at making a contribution to the emerging literature acknowledging the role of firm capabilities and contractual hazards in governance choices. We argue that the propensity to outsource R&D services increases with the accumulated technological capabilities as well as with the adoption of an international strategy of local responsiveness. We find support for our hypotheses using survey data from a sample of 182 high-tech firms from the European Union and the US.

All Sessions in Track G...

Sun: 10:00 – 11:30
Session 1503: Explaining Knowledge Flows within the MNC: Organizational vs. Individual-Level Perspectives
Sun: 13:00 – 14:30
Session 1603: Internationalization among Financial Service Firms
Sun: 15:00 – 16:30
Session 1703: Exploring the Limits of Corporate Social Responsibility
Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1010: Internationalization Strategy
Mon: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 1002: Competing in a Global Economy
Mon: 17:00 – 18:15
Session 1000: Knowledge Flows in MNCs
Session 1005: Emerging Markets
Tue: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1003: International Knowledge Diffusion
Session 1110: Social Issues in International Business
Tue: 14:30 – 15:45
Session 1001: MNC Structure
Session 1009: Under Assault: How Companies Can Fight Organized Crime
Wed: 10:00 – 11:15
Session 1004: Foreign Entry Modes
Wed: 11:30 – 12:45
Session 1008: The Impact of Climate Change: Lessons from the Field
Session 1084: Internationalization of Research and Development (R&D)


Strategic Management Society

Cologne Conference