Session Details: Session 1044

Technology and Performance

Track A

Date: Wednesday, October 15, 2008

 

Time: 11:30 – 12:45

Paper

Room: Salon 18


Session Chair:
Daniel Tzabbar, Drexel University

Title: Cooperation Now and Competition Later

Authors

  • Eui Jeong, Sungkyunkwan University

Abstract: We investigate whether R&D alliances affect the competition among former alliance partners at a later stage. From knowledge management perspectives, we argue that each firm brings its own portfolio of knowledge into an alliance and depending on the level of exposure to and the ability of knowledge absorption from the alliance partner’s portfolio of knowledge, product market competition between the alliance partners at a later stage may vary. This is because the more similar knowledge these alliance partners get to have, the higher the chances of developing quite similar products, which may in turn increase the competition between these former alliance partners. We test the hypotheses using data on the U.S. biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries.

Title: On the Power of Knowledge Assets: Some Tentative Simulations

Authors

  • Kalevi Kyläheiko, Lappeenranta University of Technology
  • Ari Jantunen, Lappeenranta University of Technology
  • Kaisu Puumalainen, Lappeenranta University of Technology
  • Pasi Luukka, Lappeenranta University of Technology

Abstract: This paper introduces a knowledge-based view of the firm, which makes it possible to analyze how the firm should build up their technology strategies in order to capture profits from innovations through knowledge creating, appropriating, and transferring mechanisms. The basic idea is to shed light on the knowledge-based determinants that help (i) protect a firm’s knowledge assets by using different protection mechanisms (legal means and tacitness embedded in the organization) and (ii) share knowledge within the firm and between the partners. In our simulation models we look at the relevance of knowledge-related determinants and cost factors and derive technology strategies in order to maximize the value of knowledge assets for firms operating in different knowledge regimes. In addition, we explore how the relative weights of knowledge determinants and technology strategy parameters change subject to underlying technological, knowledge, appropriability and cost structures. Also the dynamics behind the technology strategies is analyzed.

Title: Pursuing Knowledge Exploitation through R&D Partnerships: Evidence from the Italian Dedicated Biotech Firms

Authors

  • Fabio Sorrentino, Second University of Naples
  • Francesco Garraffo, University of Catania

Abstract: This paper empirically investigates the pursuing of knowledge exploitation through R&D partnerships between small entrepreneurial firms and large established companies in the biotech industry. Although positive benefits of strategic alliances in biotech industry as source of knowledge exploration are widely acknowledged in literature, it is still unclear which conditions in inter-firm ties can encourage value generation from scientific knowledge. Adopting a relational view of the firm, we hypothesize that knowledge exploitation, measured in terms of number of products in the final stage of the market or IPR grants, depends from the research partners’ experience in previous alliances, the level of interaction, and the mutual learning processes. The empirical testing of our hypotheses is based on an original sample of 55 Italian Dedicated Biotech Firms (DBFs).

Title: When Is the Whole Bigger Than The Sum of Its Parts?

Authors

  • Daniel Tzabbar, Drexel University
  • Barak Aharonson, Tel Aviv University
  • Terry Amburgey, University of Toronto
  • Andreas Al-Laham, University of Mannheim

Abstract: As firms engage in building different R&D capabilities, they confront a crucial question: What configuration of knowledge stocks is most likely to increase innovative success? We argue that the impact of one knowledge stock may depend not just on its level but also the level of other stocks and the interdependencies of firms’ existing knowledge stocks might explain performance differences. We measure the effects of three pairwise combinations of knowledge stocks on firm innovative success and find, using an event history analysis of 857 dedicated biotechnology firms during 1973–1999, that one pair is complementary (i.e., intellectual and alliance capital) and two pairs are substitutive (i.e., human and intellectual and human and alliance capital). Viewing knowledge complementarity from such a lens gives rise to systems effects, explaining when the whole is bigger (or smaller) than the sum of its parts.

All Sessions in Track A...

Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1036: Knowledge and Learning
Mon: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 1041: Knowledge, Collaboration, and Performance
Session 1061: Inter-Organizational Knowledge Transfer
Mon: 17:00 – 18:15
Session 1040: Knowledge Transfer and Diffusion
Session 1042: Capabilities, Value Creation, and Performance
Tue: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1035: Strategic Dynamics in Industry Architectures: The Challenges of Knowledge Integration
Session 1055: Governing Knowledge in Interorganizational Relationships
Tue: 14:30 – 15:45
Session 1039: Knowledge and Governance
Session 1045: Capabilities and Governance
Session 1056: Discussing Approaches on How Knowledge Matters in Organizations
Wed: 10:00 – 11:15
Session 1038: Knowledge and Networks
Session 1057: Knowledge as a Driver of Innovation, Learning and Competence-Building
Wed: 11:30 – 12:45
Session 1044: Technology and Performance
Session 1046: Knowledge Across Boundaries
Session 1058: Knowledge Strategies: Collaboration and Governance


Strategic Management Society

Cologne Conference