Session Details: Session 1038

Knowledge and Networks

Track A

Date: Wednesday, October 15, 2008

 

Time: 10:00 – 11:15

Paper

Room: Salon 18


Session Chair:
Elke Schuessler, Free University Berlin

Title: Between Vertical Integration and Modularisation: Crossing Knowledge Boundaries by Building Strategic Networks in the Clothing Industry

Authors

  • Elke Schuessler, Free University Berlin
  • Joerg Sydow, Free University of Berlin

Abstract: This paper empirically examines the network structures chosen by German clothing producers as a way to adjust to changing market conditions. Results show that even in this low-tech industry the creation of knowledge at traditional organisational and industry boundaries has become increasingly important. In order to balance this potential for innovation with the risks of knowledge sharing and dependency, the organisations in our sample are involved in different kinds of organisational network structures concurrently using relational, market-based and hierarchical coordination mechanisms. These results provide important insights into how the strategic management of value chains can enable organisations to handle the simultaneous demands of low costs, speed, and innovation.

Title: Knowledge Sharing in Different Social Network Positions in IJVs

Authors

  • Yvonne Ho, National Taiwan University
  • H. J. Chiu, Neuroeconomic Behavioral Research Institute

Abstract: Applying the concepts and methods from social network theory, this empirical study focuses on exploring how knowledge sharing (including explicit and tacit) differs in social network relations (including advice and friendship network) in International Joint Ventures (IJV). We also use centrality measurements to examine which centrality has a greater influence on knowledge sharing. The results show that explicit knowledge may be shared in advice network relationships, and that tacit knowledge may be shared in friendship network relationships. In addition, explicit knowledge is shared better with degree, closeness and betweenness centrality. Tacit knowledge is best shared only with degree centrality. Our findings may help IJV managers learn which type of knowledge sharing would be most effective in different network relationships, and understand that centrality might play a key role in different types of sharing and network relationships.

Title: Network Governance: Social Mechanisms, Knowledge Benefits, and Performance Outcomes in Joint-Design Alliances

Authors

  • Antonio Capaldo, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart

Abstract: Drawing on case study research of eight dyadic joint-design alliances, this paper sheds light on the processes by which interorganizational relationships generate knowledge benefits and performance outcomes for partner firms. Specifically, the paper is aimed at offering a more systematic and comprehensive account of the processes of ‘network governance’, encompassing the following elements: the social mechanisms that characterize network governance and the mechanisms’ antecedents, the relationships among the mechanisms, how these social mechanisms influence the partners’ propensity to engage in knowledge-intensive initiatives, the resulting knowledge benefits for partner firms, and how these benefits affect performance outcomes. The dynamics of the linkages among social mechanisms (and their antecedents), knowledge benefits, and performance are also elucidated and integrated into the above account.

Title: Networks of Practice as Enactment of a Trading Zone

Authors

  • Fabrice Lumineau, Purdue University
  • Alexandre Perrin, Audencia Nantes School of Management
  • Bertrand Moingeon, HEC-Paris

Abstract: This paper highlights networks of practice as enactment of a common virtual space of exchange spanning boundaries. After introducing the trading zone notion and the specific features of networks of practice, we analyze the case of AUGI, an international network of practice in the area of computer-assisted design. The emergence of four key underlying dimensions – the knowledge portfolio, the information technology tools, the governance structure, and the shared identity – leads us to study their interactions. It appears that the interplay between these four dimensions is made possible through practice-in-use. Thus, knowledge as a practice grounded in its social context acts as the mortar integrating these four dimensions underpinning networks of practice. These findings enable us to derive implications for research on cross-boundary knowledge sharing.

All Sessions in Track A...

Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1036: Knowledge and Learning
Mon: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 1041: Knowledge, Collaboration, and Performance
Session 1061: Inter-Organizational Knowledge Transfer
Mon: 17:00 – 18:15
Session 1040: Knowledge Transfer and Diffusion
Session 1042: Capabilities, Value Creation, and Performance
Tue: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1035: Strategic Dynamics in Industry Architectures: The Challenges of Knowledge Integration
Session 1055: Governing Knowledge in Interorganizational Relationships
Tue: 14:30 – 15:45
Session 1039: Knowledge and Governance
Session 1045: Capabilities and Governance
Session 1056: Discussing Approaches on How Knowledge Matters in Organizations
Wed: 10:00 – 11:15
Session 1038: Knowledge and Networks
Session 1057: Knowledge as a Driver of Innovation, Learning and Competence-Building
Wed: 11:30 – 12:45
Session 1044: Technology and Performance
Session 1046: Knowledge Across Boundaries
Session 1058: Knowledge Strategies: Collaboration and Governance


Strategic Management Society

Cologne Conference