Session Details: Session 1020

When Does Geographic Proximity Pay?

Track I

Date: Wednesday, October 15, 2008


Time: 11:30 – 12:45


Room: Salon 5

Session Chair:
Donald Hatfield, Virginia Tech

Title: All That Glitters is Not Gold: The Impact of Network and Cluster Technological Resources on the Breakthrough Innovations


  • Manish Srivastava, Michigan Technological University
  • Devi Gnyawali, Virginia Tech

Abstract: We investigate whether clusters and networks impact differently a firm's ability to generate technological innovations in a longitudinal study of US based semiconductor firms. We further examine whether resource profiles of firms explains their differential ability to benefit from the network and cluster technological resources. The preliminary results suggest that network technological resources positively impact the likelihood of generating breakthrough innovations. However the impact of cluster technological resources is negative. We further find that the resource-rich benefit more from their network technological resources while resource-deficient firms are at a greater disadvantage from the increasing cluster technological resources.

Title: Building on Local Knowledge? Cluster Research Publications, Innovation, and Cluster Growth


  • Donald Hatfield, Virginia Tech
  • Fiona Xiaoying Ji, Ohio University
  • William Lamb, Babson College
  • Linda Tegarden, Virginia Tech

Abstract: Geographic clustering is a phenomenon widely accepted as affecting the economic success of firms, industries, and regions. In recent years, clustering has also been studied as an important factor in the development of emerging technologies. This paper presents a longitudinal test of a series of research questions related to clustering in the U.S. fiber optics industry from 1976-1994. Specifically, we investigate the effect of a cluster’s research intensity on its innovativeness and its growth rate. Preliminary results show support for all three hypothesized relationships: Clusters with more publications grew more; clusters with more publications generated more innovative products; clusters generating more innovative products grew more. Results indicate that the “innovative products” variable does not mediate the relationship between publications and cluster growth.

Title: Disruptive Technologies in an Emerging Industry: An Analysis of the Geographic Origins


  • Brett Anitra Gilbert, Rutgers University
  • Joanna Tochman Campbell, University of Cincinnati

Abstract: The U.S. automotive industry is under legislative mandate to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and lessen its impact on the natural environment. The legislation stimulated a search for viable alternatives to fossil fuel sources, but interestingly, from a geographically clustered industry, which extant theory suggests may have difficulties producing such technologies. This research investigates the geographic origins of the radical break out alternative to fossil fuel sources, fuel cell technology. It combines qualitative and quantitative analyses of regions with emerging reputations for producing this important technology, and makes a unique contribution to the literature by focusing on “where” disruptive technologies emerge, and the general, social, intellectual, industry and regulatory characteristics of the regions that produce them.

Title: Ungluing Sticky Knowledge: The Dynamics of Knowledge Based Competitive Advantage


  • Mark Jenkins, Cranfield University

Abstract: This study considers the shifts in technological knowledge and performance in the specialist context of F1 motor racing over a 56 year period. We conclude that knowledge based sources of competitive advantage emerge within a component area of knowledge which are regionally constrained or ‘sticky’. Over time these evolve into a more systemic knowledge which is less bounded. We also observe as the knowledge becomes more systemic the sources of advantage become based on multiple incremental innovations rather than single radical ones. This shift is created by sources of competitive advantage moving between firms, regions and time periods. We can also discern these shifts create greater levels of complexity and integration requiring increasingly complex organisational forms to develop the resources needed for competitive advantage.

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 10:00 – 11:30
Session 1505: Innovation, Learning and Corporate Responsibility
Sun: 15:00 – 16:30
Session 1705: Towards the Micro-Foundations Of Organizational Learning
Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1022: Using Alliance Networks to Enhance Innovation
Session 1024: Developing New Technologies and Products
Mon: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 1013: Linking Organizational Factors to Innovation Orientation and Outcomes
Session 1023: The Role of Top Management in Learning and Innovation
Mon: 17:00 – 18:15
Session 1016: The Influence of "Outsiders" on Innovation
Tue: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1017: The Influence of Learning and Absorptive Capacity on Innovation
Session 1021: Influences on Innovation Strategies and Outcomes
Tue: 14:30 – 15:45
Session 1018: Building on the Past: The Effect of Experience and Relatedness
Wed: 10:00 – 11:15
Session 1014: Creating Ambidextrous Organizations
Session 1019: Working with Others: Collaboration and Knowledge Development
Wed: 11:30 – 12:45
Session 1015: Knowledge Innovation: Creating New Knowledge and Capabilities
Session 1020: When Does Geographic Proximity Pay?

Strategic Management Society

Cologne Conference