Session Details: Session 1019

Working with Others: Collaboration and Knowledge Development

Track I

Date: Wednesday, October 15, 2008

 

Time: 10:00 – 11:15

Paper

Room: Salon 5


Session Chair:
Joana Mendonça, Technical University of Lisbon

Title: Creation of Higher Education Institutions and Entry of Knowledge Based firms

Authors

  • Joana Mendonça, Technical University of Lisbon
  • Rui Baptista, Technical University of Lisbon
  • Francisco Lima, Technical University of Lisbon

Abstract: The presence of universities has been generally associated with technological entrepreneurship. But what is the real impact of new universities on knowledge based firm creation in a region? The present paper applies the propensity score estimator to longitudinal data on the creation of 22 new higher education institutions in Portuguese regions in the period 1996-99 to evaluate the impact of the creation of new universities on subsequent levels of firm entry in those regions. We find that the creation of new universities has a positive and significant effect on subsequent levels of firm entry in regions. These findings suggest that universities likely act as sources of entrepreneurial opportunities and of human capital capable of recognizing and exploiting such opportunities, and thus may contribute positively toward regional economic growth.

Title: How Do Collaborations with Universities Affect Firms’ Innovative Performance The Role of “Star Consulting Scientists” in the Advanced Materials Field

Authors

  • Silvia Rita Sedita, University of Padua
  • Yasunori Baba, University of Tokyo
  • Naohiro Shichijo, Waseda University

Abstract: This article aimed to identify the effect of U-I collaborations on the innovative performance of firms in the advanced materials field. In the advanced materials industry the most effective collaborations are not with “star scientists,” but with “star consulting scientists.” The latter concept was introduced first by the authors, to deepen the present understanding of industrial heterogeneity in innovation processes and to offer new insights for the formulation of corporate innovation strategies. The results of the estimation of a negative binomial regression model applied to a sample of 2726 firms active in the photocatalysis in Japan confirm the idea that engaging in research collaborations with “star consulting scientists” increases firms’ R&D productivity. Firms’ collaborations with “star scientists” exert little impact on their innovative output.

Title: Network Orchestration for Innovation – Innovation Appropriability as an Orchestration Process

Authors

  • Pia Hurmelinna-Laukkanen, University of Oulu

Abstract: While innovation networks provide a setting where widely dispersed resources can be combined in a profitable manner, they are also full of paradoxes. They, for example, simultaneously incorporate autonomy and interdependence, hiding core knowledge and sharing it, and stability and dynamism. Thus orchestrating the network requires the hub firm to strategically manage issues related to the nature of knowledge (e.g., tacit-explicit) and characteristics and motivations of actors sharing it. In this study, orchestration processes of knowledge mobility, network stability and innovation appropriability are discussed. Of these, appropriability is taken under closer examination in order to illustrate the interaction of all the processes. The discussion suggests that taking care of relationships between actors through discreet leadership is central in all orchestration.

Title: R&D Collaborations and Process Innovation

Authors

  • C. Annique Un, Northeastern University
  • Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra, Northeastern University
  • Kazuhiro Asakawa, Keio University

Abstract: In this paper we study the relative influence of research and development (R&D) collaborations with universities, suppliers, customers, and competitors on process innovation. We propose that each type of collaboration differs in the depth and ease of transfer of knowledge, resulting in different impact on process innovation. Results from analyses of 781 manufacturing firms indicate that, rather than depth of knowledge, its ease of transfer drives process innovation. We find that R&D collaborations with suppliers and universities, whose knowledge is easier to transfer to the partner firm, have the highest positive impact on process innovation. In contrast, R&D collaborations with customers do not appear to affect process innovation, and collaborations with competitors appear to harm it. Key words: R&D collaboration, process innovation, knowledge depth, knowledge transfer

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 10:00 – 11:30
Session 1505: Innovation, Learning and Corporate Responsibility
Sun: 15:00 – 16:30
Session 1705: Towards the Micro-Foundations Of Organizational Learning
Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1022: Using Alliance Networks to Enhance Innovation
Session 1024: Developing New Technologies and Products
Mon: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 1013: Linking Organizational Factors to Innovation Orientation and Outcomes
Session 1023: The Role of Top Management in Learning and Innovation
Mon: 17:00 – 18:15
Session 1016: The Influence of "Outsiders" on Innovation
Tue: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 1017: The Influence of Learning and Absorptive Capacity on Innovation
Session 1021: Influences on Innovation Strategies and Outcomes
Tue: 14:30 – 15:45
Session 1018: Building on the Past: The Effect of Experience and Relatedness
Wed: 10:00 – 11:15
Session 1014: Creating Ambidextrous Organizations
Session 1019: Working with Others: Collaboration and Knowledge Development
Wed: 11:30 – 12:45
Session 1015: Knowledge Innovation: Creating New Knowledge and Capabilities
Session 1020: When Does Geographic Proximity Pay?


Strategic Management Society

Cologne Conference